As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem (Plato), or in re (Aristotle).
As opposed to idealism, the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative.
Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact.
There is one thing the photograph must contain, the humanity of the moment. This kind of photography is realism. But realism is not enough - there has to be vision, and the two together can make a good photograph. Robert Frank
Realism is a bad word. In a sense everything is realistic. I see no line between the imaginary and the real. Federico Fellini
A lack of realism in the vision today costs credibility tomorrow. John C. Maxwell
Idealism is like a castle in the air if it is not based on a solid foundation of social and political realism. Claude McKay
True realism consists in revealing the surprising things which habit keeps covered and prevents us from seeing. Jean Cocteau