As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem (Plato), or in re (Aristotle).
As opposed to idealism, the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative.
Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact.
There is one thing the photograph must contain, the humanity of the moment. This kind of photography is realism. But realism is not enough - there has to be vision, and the two together can make a good photograph. Robert Frank
Satire is people as they are; romanticism, people as they would like to be; realism, people as they seem with their insides left out. Dawn Powell
Cynical realism is the intelligent man's best excuse for doing nothing in an intolerable situation. Aldous Huxley