The most common and most useful metallic element, being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form of an oxide (as hematite, magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous oxide (as limonite, turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron, steel, and wrought iron. Iron usually appears dark brown, from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or on a fresh surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily oxidized (rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many corrosive agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic weight 55.9. Specific gravity, pure iron, 7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In magnetic properties, it is superior to all other substances.
An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc.
Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles.
Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with a rod of iron.
Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar, dust.
Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness.
Like iron in hardness, strength, impenetrability, power of endurance, insensibility, etc.;
Rude; hard; harsh; severe.
Firm; robust; enduring; as, an iron constitution.
Inflexible; unrelenting; as, an iron will.
Not to be broken; holding or binding fast; tenacious.
To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; -- sometimes used with out.
To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff.
To furnish or arm with iron; as, to iron a wagon.
An iron-headed club with a deep face, chiefly used in making approaches, lifting a ball over hazards, etc.
A sense is what has the power of receiving into itself the sensible forms of things without the matter, in the way in which a piece of wax takes on the impress of a signet-ring without the iron or gold. Aristotle
iron in Afrikaans is yster
iron in Danish is strygejern, jern
iron in Dutch is ijzeren
iron in Finnish is rauta
iron in German is Eisen
iron in Italian is ferro, ferro da stiro
iron in Latin is ferrum
iron in Spanish is plancha, hierro, planchar
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